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HeritageQuest Online: U.S. Federal Census

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About the U.S. Federal Census

The U.S. has taken a census of its population every ten years since 1790. The most recent census available to us at present is the 1940 census, due to a 72-year privacy restriction. While the questions in U.S. census records varied from year to year and in state censuses, from state to state, you can find information like names of other household members, ages, birthplaces, residence, occupation, immigration and citizenship details, marriage information, military service and more. The 1890 census was largely destroyed in a fire, but we have compiled a “substitute” with various other records to help bridge the gap.

Search the entire collection or selection to search individual data collections by clicking on the Search link in the Census box on the Home page.

Included data collections (alphabetical by title):

1790 United States Federal Census

1800 United States Federal Census

1810 United States Federal Census

1820 United States Federal Census

1830 United States Federal Census

1840 United States Federal Census

1850 United States Federal Census

1850 United States Federal Census - Slave Schedules

1860 United States Federal Census

1860 United States Federal Census - Slave Schedules

1870 United States Federal Census

1880 United States Federal Census

1890 United States Federal Census Fragment

1890 Veterans Schedules

1900 United States Federal Census

1910 United States Federal Census

1920 United States Federal Census

1930 United States Federal Census

1940 United States Federal Census

Selected U.S. Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880

U.S. Enumeration District Maps and Descriptions, 1940

U.S. Federal Census - 1880 Schedules of Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes

U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885

U.S. Special Census of Deaf Family Marriages and Hearing Relatives, 1888-1895

U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1995-1940


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Compare the Records: 1940 Census

Compare the Records: 1790 Census Image

Compare the Records: 1850 Census