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Literature Online (LION): Searchable Fields

A guide to all aspects of Literature Online (LION) including content, searching, and viewing results.

Look Ups and Browsable Indexes

Literature Online offers numerous Look ups (a.k.a., browsable indexes), so you can easily find spelling or format variations of, for example, an author's name or a journal title. You can find the Look up links in the advanced search pages for each tabbed section (Authors, Texts: All, Poetry, Drama, Prose, and Criticism: All, ABELL*, MLA International Bibliography*) and Available look ups vary by search page. The following is a complete list of all available look ups: author, ethnicity, genre (drama)genre (poetry)journal titlekeywordslanguage of publicationliterary movementliterary movementnationality, playwrightspoetspublication detailsspeaker, title first line, and title keywords. For a description of these fields, please see the searchable fields table to the right. 

To use a Look up, locate the search field in question on the advanced search page. If a Look up is available for that field, you will see a link to the Look up to the right of the search field. 

Select the Look up link and then you will see a browsable and alphabetical index for that field. There are some indexes that will not display an alphabetical list before searching for the term, rather you will have to enter a term first, and then the alphabetical list of matches will display.

Once you locate the index term that you would like to add to your search, mark the item, and then click the Add to search button. The index term will now appear in the advanced search form along with the appropriate pull-down menu selection.

* ABELL and MLA International Bibliography can be enabled by the library and cross-searched within LION for even greater depth of research.  If your library has enabled either or both you will have access to search pages specific to each along with the following Look ups:

ABELL: Title keywords, publication details, journal title, ISBN, ISSN, subject heading, and author/reviewer.

MLA IB: Title keyword, author, publication title, ISBN, ISSN, language of publication, subject heading (all), author as subject, author's work, folklore topic, genre, linguistics topic, literary influence, literary source, literary theme, literary topic, national literature, performance medium, period, place, subject language, publisher abstract, and scope note. 

Variant Spellings and Forms

Spelling and Form variants 

  • Found on Texts search pages
  • Used to locate typographical variants within the texts. EX: virtue, virtve, vertve
  • When checkboxes for variants are not available, use the wildcard (?) to replace zero or one character within a word, or at the end of a word. ? Cannot be used at the beginning of a word. EX: T?re will locate “tire”, “tyre”, “tore”, etc.
  • The symbol * is used as a right handed truncation character only: it will find all forms of a word. EX: Deconstruct* will find “deconstruction”, “deconstructed”, “deconstructionist,” etc.

Searchable Fields

 

Field Name

Search Examples & Explanation

Author name*

or

Author/Reviewer*†§

Example: Audre Lorde

Example: Sullivan

Example: "O'Reilly, John Boyle"

Use to find documents written by a particular author. Try searching on both the full first name ordered last name, first name or search for last name only for a broader search. 

Author as Subject*‡

Example: Steinbeck, John

Example: "National Endowment for the Arts"

Use to search for articles regarding a specific author or article about their work. On the MLA search page, the Look Up associated with this field also contain access to the MLA Thesaurus.

Author's Work*‡

Example: "A Brighter Sun"

Use to search for criticism articles about a particular work. On the MLA search page, the Look Up associated with this field; also contains access to the MLA Thesaurus.

Ethnicity*

Example: Hispanic-American

Example: Jewish 

Search for works created by authors of a specific ethnicity. It is important to note that the vast majority of authors in Literature Online have not been indexed by ethnicity. This search will only retrieve hits for those authors who belong to one of the ethnic groups which we have selected for inclusion in our database. These ethnicities have been selected on the grounds that their cultures have become significant areas of study for literary and cultural scholars.

Folklore Topic*‡

Example: "African American women"

Example: Judaism  

Example: "folk tale"

Use to search for subject terms relating to folklore. The Look Up associated with this field also contain access to the MLA Thesaurus.

Gender 

Male or Female; Male only; Female only

Use the radio buttons to select one of the three gender options to limit your search.

Genre*

Example: Elegy

Example: Triolet

Example: "American Western fiction"

Use this to find works specific to a particular type of literature. On the MLA search page, the Look Up associated with this field also contain access to the MLA Thesaurus.

International Standard Book Number*†‡

Example: 0000-0019

This search field looks for the 12 and 13 digit International Standard Book Number (ISBN), where available. Hyphens are not necessary.

International Standard Serials Number*†‡

Example: 0007111681

This search field looks for the eight digit International Standard Serials Number (ISSN), where available. Hyphens are not necessary.

Journal Title*Ġ

Example: "Papers on Language & Literature"

Use a complete or partial title in this field to locate works and articles found within that title or seek out titles with common words.

Keywords*

Example: "My kingdom for a horse"

Use to search anywhere within the text of works or criticism and reference publications. Keywords can be search in the Texts: All, Poetry, Drama, and Prose search pages; Criticism: All, ABELL, and MLA International Bibliography search pages; and Reference search page.

Language of publication*

Example: Afrikaans

Example: Chinese

Example: "Haitian Creole"

Use to search for items published in a specific language.

Linguistics Topic*‡

Example: "articulatory phonetics"

Example: bilingualism

Use to search for subject terms relating to linguistics. On the MLA search page, the Look Up associated with this field also contain access to the MLA Thesaurus.

Literary Influence*‡

Example: Neruda, Pablo

Example: Reformation

Use to search for subject terms relating to influence, e.g. '(influence on) Pound, Ezra (1885–1972)'. Note: the role indicator '(influence on)' does not appear in the index list.

Literary Movement*

Example: "Cambridge School" 

Example: Humanism

Search for works defined by a particular style or writing, group of writers, or other influencing factors. Many of these terms, such as "Pre-Raphaelitism", were used by the authors themselves. Others, such as "Metaphysical Poets", were only later applied to groups of authors by critics. In these cases we have taken current critical usage into account in assigning authors to movements. In particular, the terms "Lesbian/Gay writing, 1885-", "Feminist Writers, 1900-", and "Postcolonialism, 20th Century" include many authors who did not announce themselves as homosexual, feminist or postcolonialist, but whose work has been discussed in relation to those themes.

Literary Period*

Example: "Middle English Period, 1350-1500"

Example: "Age of Sensibility, 1745-1785"

Search for works written during a defined period of literary history. All authors in Literature Online have been indexed by literary period, with each author being assigned to the period(s) in which he or she flourished. To be included in a given period, an author must have produced either a substantial amount of work, or some of his/her most well-known work within the dates of that period.

Literary Source*‡

Example: "african culture"

Example: Poe, Edgar Allan

Use the Literary Source field to search for subject terms relating to sources and influences, e.g. '(sources in) Dante (1265–1321)' or '(influence of) English folklore'. This field is not used in pre-1981 data. Note: dates and role indicators such as '(source in)' and '(influence of)' do not appear in the index list.

Literary Theme*‡

Example: "absolute monarchy"

Example: zeitgeist

Use the Literary Theme field to search for subject terms relating to the themes of the work under discussion, e.g. '(treatment of) Germany'. This field is less frequently used in pre-1981 data. Note: role indicators such as '(treatment of)' do not appear in the index list.

Literary Topic*‡

Example: Cairo

Example: Jacobites

The Literature Topic field searches three separate subject fields in the MLAIB records: General Literature Topic (e.g. 'dramatic arts'), Literary Technique (e.g. 'narrative frame'), and Literary Feature (e.g. 'postmodernism').

Living in years

Example: 1550  to  1620

Use to find works and criticism written between January 1st and December 31st of a specific rage of years.

National Literature*‡

Example: "danish literature"

Example: Mexico

Use the National Literature field to search for subject terms relating to specific national literatures, e.g. 'German literature'.

Nationality*                

Example: Caribbean

Example: "South Asian"

Use to find works by authors of a particular nationality.

Period*‡

Example: "1050-1200"

Use the Period field to search for subject terms relating to time periods. Numeric formats are generally used.

Place*‡

Example: "East Germany"

Use the Place field to search for subject terms relating to geographic places, e.g. 'Turkey' or 'London'. In records from 1981 onwards, this field is only used for linguistics and folklore entries.

Publication Details*†§

Example: "Aberdeen: Assn for Scottish Literary Studies"

Use the Publication Details field to search the titles of journals, book collections or book series in which an article appears, plus other details such as place of publication, publisher, volume and issue numbers, degree-awarding institution (for dissertations), pagination and date.

Publication Date

Example: 1550  to  1620

Use to find works and criticism written by authors living during January 1st and December 31st of a specific rage of years. This does not have to indicate the entire lifespan of an author; it can reflect a certain period in their life.

Publication Title*‡

Example: "Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph Series"

Use to search by a specific publication or publications. 

Publisher Abstract*‡

Example: Zahn

Example: European

Example: Revolutionary

Use to search the text of the publisher-provided abstract of an article indexed in the MLA International Bibliography. 

Source type†‡

ABELL: Use to limit the search to articles, books, or reviews, or any combination thereof.

MLA International Bibliography: Use to limit the search to books, book articles, dissertation abstracts, journal articles, scholarly edition, translation, or web sites, or any combination thereof.

Subject Heading*

Example: Abolitionism

Example: "Gypsy Folklore"

Use the Subject field to search for items about a specific author, work, theme or other subject area. ABELL records from 2001 onwards feature additional subject terms, including titles of literary works, non-English-language authors and thematic terms in addition to standard ABELL subject categories such as author name. On the MLA search page, the Look Up assocaited with this field also contain access to the MLA Thesaurus.

Subject Language*‡

Example: "Acadian French dialect"

Example: "French language (old)"

Example: "Japanese language"

Use the Subject Language field to search for subject terms relating to specific languages.

Title Keywords*

Example: "Soho Cinema"

Use to search for keywords within the title of works or criticism and refernece articles. 

Update Code‡

Enter codes into the FROM and TO fields such as from: 199801 to: 201305

Use the Update Code field to search for the data update in which the record was added to the bibliography. The format is YYYYNN, where YYYY is the bibliography year (not the calendar year), and NN is the number of the update (not the month). Users should note that the last two digits for records from completed years are always '01'; the update number only varies for records from the current bibliography year. Example: to find records added from the 2001 volume onwards, enter 200101 in the 'From' field.

* Indicates that a Look Up is available for that field.

§ Indicates that this search field is exclusive to the Criticism search pages (All, Criticism, and MLA IB).

ƒ Indicates that this search field is found on the Criticism> All search page.

† Indicates that this search field is found on the Criticism > ABELL search page.

‡ Indicates that this search field is found on the Criticism > MLA International Bibliography search page.