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Early Modern Books

Easy cross searching of Early European Books and Early English Books Online

Word Variants Searching

Please see the EEBO libguide for all details about variants and the CIC CLI Virtual Modernisation Project.

How does the Variant Searching work on the ProQuest platform?

All the variant form and spelling suggestions are now grouped together in one dictionary.

The Variant searching is active by default if the Linguistics are active on the ProQuest platform – which can be deactivated by the library in the ProQuest Administration Module or by the single My Research users from the Preferences.

To see all the variants that were actually searched on at the top of the results page, use Advanced Search and make sure the boxes under the search boxes are selected. They should be selected by default See example below.

If you type a search term in the search box, you will automatically retrieve all instances of your search term and its early modern variant inflected forms and spellings in EMB. For example, if you type the word murder, when you submit your search you will retrieve all occurrences of the word murder together with its inflected forms murdered, murderingmurders and its early modern variant spellings murthermurdremurdir and mvrder.

Plus instances of early modern spelling variants of all the various inflected forms of your original search term, for  instance murthredmurthrestmurdrethmurdringmurtherynge and murthers.

The process of expanding a search to include inflected forms of your original term is known as lemmatization.

Please note:

Variant searching is deactivated when quotes are put around the search terms to search phrases, or when truncation or wildcard symbols (e.g.  je?lo?s*) are added to a word.

1) - When using Advanced search to search keywords:

2) - Select the first checkbox if you would like to include variant forms/spellings for search terms. Select the second checkbox to show the variant spellings and variant forms of your keyword on top of the result list.

3) - The variant spellings and variant forms of your keyword can be listed on top of the result list.

4) - Click this link if you would like the result list without variants.