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Literature Online Premium (LION): About

A guide to all aspects of Literature Online including content, searching, and viewing results

LION is moving!

Literature Online is moving to the main ProQuest Platform!

Starting in early 2019, Literature Online will be available on the enhanced ProQuest platform and cross-searchable with ProQuest journals, newspapers, dissertations and other relevant content. The new user experience will be available in parallel with the current version through mid-2019. With its clean interface and responsive design, the ProQuest platform delivers a modern research experience that guides users' discovery, access and management of rich, diverse content sources.

As Literature Online has transitioned to the ProQuest platform, we have now removed the ability to create new My Archive accounts here.

For holders of existing My Archive accounts, these will be deactivated when the dual access period ends on 1st August 2019. Documents and searches in My Archive are not moved automatically,  you must create a My Research account on the ProQuest Platform and add the items to it.

If you need assistance at copying your existing My Archive holdings, please look to these instructions in the My Archive tab of this LibGuide.

Subject Coverage

  • Poetry
  • Prose
  • Drama
  • Criticisms
  • Reference material
  • Essays
  • Biographies
  • Encyclopedia entries

Publication Types

  • Bibliographies
  • Full Text Academic Journals
  • KnowledgeNotes™ student guides
  • Poets on Screen
  • Reference Works
  • Shakespeare Audio Plays

What is Literature Online Premium (LION)?

The world’s most authoritative and inclusive library of texts, Literature Online Premium offers a unique combination of materials which respond to and support the full interdisciplinary breadth in which literary studies are researched today.

The LION core collection is now enriched with the addition of two brand new collections:

These enrich the original core content at all levels:

  • The largest collection of primary works: Over 500,000 primary works from the 8th century to the present day; the largest, most inclusive library of texts assembled online. All re-keyed to 99.95% textual accuracy so users can be confident they’re getting all the relevant hits and not missing anything.
  • The latest scholarly opinions in your field: With an ever-growing library of full-text journals, biographies, and reference volumes, users will be uniquely able to contextualize their subjects and gain greater perspective and clarity.
  • A relevant and diverse range of voices: With the canon available alongside the more marginal, unanthologized and forgotten voices, new and previously impossible connections can be made.

An award-winning, ever-growing resource for all aspects of literary research and teaching, Literature Online Premium lets you use your time more effectively to analyze texts, appreciate context, and gain focus on your point of view.

The depth and quality of the material, from Beowulf to contemporary Pulitzer and Nobel winners, ensures that students and teachers can cover every topic with confidence.

Read more about each collection in the Content Description tab.

Also included in the Literature Online Premium subscription are the following databases. They are currently on separate platforms, and will be moving to the ProQuest platform. We will be communicating our plans the coming months.

More on LION + MLA

Literature Online (LION) contains more than 350,000 works of poetry, prose and drama from the 8th century to the present day. This is a unique assembly of primary works, re-keyed from first editions or scholarly editions, based on recommendations from academic specialists. The method of production ensures 99.995%+ textual accuracy, meaning that researchers can be confident that irrelevant matches are not included in result sets. The Literature Online platform offers a clean, simple advanced search page, with key search fields clearly visible at the top, and browse lists easily accessible.

LION’s primary works represent the indispensable collection of thousands of works by the most influential and studied authors as well as the works of lesser known or now forgotten literary figures. This vast corpus is supported by a full library of up-to-date, fully searchable criticism and reference resources in addition to the best collection of full-text scholarly journals covering all aspects of literary studies.

The full text of current literature journals is made discoverable through two renowned literary indexes - the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL) and the Modern Language Association Index (MLA) for those who subscribe to this resource as well.

  • LION’s journal collection offers access to more than 430 journals and 460,000 full text articles
  • LION’s journal collection has deeper back files than other resources; the average journal has coverage for 15 years
  • 75% of LION’s journal collection is peer reviewed
  • 90% of LION’s journal collection is actively indexed by the MLA

Customers who subscribe to LION AND to MLA International Bibliography can cross search the MLA with ABELL, an index created by the Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA), which is exclusively available from ProQuest. When combined, researchers have access to more than 4.2 million index records covering every aspect of literary scholarship. The two bibliographies are highly complementary – ABELL indexes books reviews, for instance, which the MLA actively exclude – and many researchers believe that a full critical survey cannot be conducted without consulting both. For example, in the most recent edition of Prof. James L. Harner’s (Texas A&M University) much respected Literary Research Guide, he notes “any search of MLAIB must be complemented by a search of ABELL, and vice versa, for each […] of these two resources includes scores of works omitted from the other.” (5th Ed. New York, MLA: 2008, p.51)

Literature Online also includes audio and video content through its Poets on Screen recordings of poets reading their own and others' works and the Shakespeare Audio Plays collection.

With the combination of primary works, exclusive or authoritative third-party literary criticism bibliographies, digitized reference volumes from academic presses such as OUP and CUP, specially commissioned author biographies and unique literary audio and video content, LION Premium + MLA International Bibliography is the best and most comprehensive online resource for the study of any aspect of literature and language at all levels.

Literature Online finally provides search tools such as the Variant Spelling and Forms indexing, which open up new possibilities for academic research, teaching and undergraduate learning No other literature resource offers the content and functionality of Literature Online. It gives users immediate access to a specialist library of current scholarship and world-leading reference titles, and, with new material added to each monthly release, is unrivaled for coverage, quality and currency. Literature Online is dynamic, growing regularly as new texts are converted to electronic form. The content of the service is developed with the advice of internationally known scholars, making LION a complete environment  for research, teaching and undergraduate study.

Live Webinars & Recordings

View our schedule below to locate a session. Can't find what you are looking for or want to request an online or on-site session? Please email us at


Jane Austen

W. Shakespeare

Virginia Woolf

Walt Whitman

James Joyce

Primo Levi

Jack Kerouac

Publication Coverage

To view the latest title list and publication coverage, please visit: