First conducted in 1790, the U.S. Federal Census has occurred every ten years since then. The 1860 Federal Census was the first to recognize and count African Americans as individual citizens. For that reason, we provide searchable records for census years 1860 and forward only. The records available here include only those for individuals whose race is recorded as Black or Mulatto. All census years, starting with 1790, are available for browsing within this database.