Edit: Venice, Aldine Press 1515. Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (BNCF)
Founded by Aldo Manuzio (AKA Aldus Manutius) in Venice in 1495, the Aldine Press was one of the most historically significant institutions in the early history of printed books. This is the first portable edition of Dante’s Divine Comedy. The Aldine text formed the standard edition of Dante until the late 19th century, and the second Aldine edition (1515) was the first to include the famous woodcut diagram illustrating the circles of Hell.
Illustration from a 1617 Dutch translation of Sir Walter Raleigh's The Discovery of the Large, Rich and Beautiful Empire of Guiana, with a relation of the Great and Golden City of Manoa (which the Spaniards call El Dorado), originally published in 1595. Royal Library,The Hague.
Illustration depicting Caribbean cannibals cooking and eating their enemies. From Voyages en Afrique, Asie, Indes orientales et occidentales by the French explorer Jean Mocquet (1575-1616?) published in Rouen in 1645.
Illustration from Les Religions du monde (Amsterdam, 1666), a French translation of Scottish author Alexander Ross's Pansebeia (1655). The illustration heads a chapter describing the Anabaptists and other Protestant sects.