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Factiva: Ready, Steady, Search...

Boolean and Proximity Operators

  • AND : Used to narrow a search and retrieve records containing all of the words it separates.  e.g. adolescents AND children will only find records containing both these words.
  • OR:  Used to broaden a search and retrieve records containing any of the words it separates, e.g. adolescents OR children will find records containing adolescents only, children only, or both words. 
  • NOT: Used to narrow a search and retrieve records that do not contain the term following it, e.g. adolescents NOT children will find records that contain adolescents, but will not contain the word children. 
  • SAME: Used to retrieve to words in the same paragraph (vodafone SAME telecommunication)
  • ATLEASTN: Used to retrieve keywords appearing N times. 

Boolean and proximity operators are processed in the following order

  1. Round or square brackets
  2. same, adjN, w/N, nearN, /nN/, /fN/
  3. atleast and field qualifiers, (e.g. by=smith)
  4. not
  5. and
  6. or

Parentheses are very useful when you put a search together which contains more than one operator. Queries within the parentheses will be processed first. 

     communicat* and (cell* or phone)

Field codes

A field tag is a 2 - 5 letter abbreviation representing fields of a Factiva document.

Field tags help you target specific parts of an article in your search. Field tags may contain Dow Jones Intelligent Indexing™ codes or specific key terms that you select. The field tag will precede the code or keyterms. For example, in the search fds=IBM, the fds= field tag for Dow Jones company codes is used to search for articles about IBM.

You can combine field tags with free-text searches, or combine multiple field tags in a search.

For the full list of searchable Factiva field tags, see Article ID # 4022. 

Note: When using field tags, you must select to Search for free-text terms in the Full Article

How To Use Boolean and Proximity Operators

 Examples for Free Text Search

For Articles Containing

Enter

Both the word Nokia and the exact phrase emerging markets.

Nokia AND emerging markets

Either Michelin or Firestone.

Michelin OR Firestone

Wireless but not cellular.

wireless NOT cellular

Information about online banking in the retail or consumer sectors.*

online banking AND (retail or consumer)
or
online banking AND [retail or consumer]

Examples for Search Builder

For Articles Containing Enter
At least 5 mentions of Microsoft.

Use with numbers 1-50. Use only against Search for free-text terms in: Full Article, not against specific fields. 

The atleast operator does not support nested terms, therefore, the search atleast10 (Olympics and Winter Games) is not valid. Restate the atleast operator in your strategy when searching for multiple key terms. 

For more information on using the atleast operator, please refer to article id # 3759.

atleast5 Microsoft







 

atleast10 Olympics and atleast10 Winter Games

Vodafone in the same paragraph as telecommunications.

The same operator must be used against Search for free-text terms in: Full Article, not against specific fields. The same operator also cannot be used repetitively, as in (wireless same cellular same telephone).

 

Vodafone same telecommunications

(wireless same (cellular and telephone))

President within 3 words of Obama, where Obama is the third word (there can be 0-2 words between), and the terms appear in that exact order. Search results would contain, for example, mentions of President ObamaPresident Barack ObamaPresident Barack H. Obama.

You must enter a number with this operator, between 1 and 10. 

For more information on proximity connectors (such as w/n, near, /Nn/ or adj) and to learn how range is calculated, refer to article id # 4035.

President w/3 Obama

World Cup within 5 words of rugby, where rugby is the fifth word (there can be 0-4 words between). The terms must appear in that exact order. Search results would contain, for example, mentions of World Cup rugby or World Cup match in rugby.

Use with numbers 1-10. adj1 is assumed if numbers are omitted.

World Cup adj5 rugby

Carrefour within 5 words of the word sales, where there can be 0-4 words between Carrefour and sales. For example, retail sales posted byCarrefour. The terms can appear in any order.

Use with numbers 1-500. near1 is assumed if numbers are omitted. 

For more information on proximity connectors (such as w/n, near, /Nn/ or adj) and to learn how range is calculated, refer to article id # 4035.

Carrefour near5 sales

Boeing 747 within 30 words of British Airways, where there can be 0-29 words between Boeing and British. The terms can appear in any order.

You must enter a number with this operator, between 1 and 500.

boeing 747/N30/british airways

The word Toyota used in the first 50 words of an article.

You must enter a number with this operator, between 1 and 500.

toyota/F50/

Phrases which include a Factiva search operator such as Research and Development or not for profit.

Any phrase which contains one or more of the following terms should be enclosed in double quotes: and, or, not, same, near, date.

To learn more about reserved words, refer to article id # 3961.

"Research and Development"

"not for profit"

Any word that begins with earn and ends with a given number of letters: earns, earnings. 

Use with numbers 1-9. You must enter a minimum of 3 characters before using the truncation ($) sign, and the $ sign must be entered at the end of a word only. If no number is entered, the default will be 5 characters. The more characters you enter before the $ sign, e.g. earn$ rather than ear$, the better your results.

To learn more about truncation, refer to article id # 4295.

earn$4

Any words that begin with telecom.

You must use at least 3 characters before the truncation (*) sign and it must be used at the end of a word only. Do not enter numbers after the sign. The more characters you enter before the sign, e.g. telecom* rather than tel*, the better your results.

To learn more about truncation, refer to article id # 4295.

telecom*

Either globalization or globalisation, or other wildcard spellings.

You must enter a minimum of 3 characters before using the wildcard (?) sign.

To learn more about wildcards, refer to article id # 4295.

globali?ation

The words U.S. stock market and word count greater than 5,000, to identify longer articles about the stock market. 

Do not use commas in large numbers.

To learn more about searching by word count, refer to article id #3680.

U.S. stock market and wc>5000