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Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)

Searchable Fields

Searchable Fields

An accessible version of the Searchable Fields table is available below.

Field Name


Search Examples & Explanation



AB(physical isolation) or AB("physical isolation")                  

Publication abstracts are provided for most articles. Search the abstract field specifically to ensure that you get focused results.

Search phrases using truncation to capture alternative endings of words; search multi-word phrases with quotation marks to ensure exact phrases.


physical isolation

"physical isolation"

This will search anywhere in the abstract, indexing and full-text.  In A&I databases, this also searches content that may be suppressed if the library's holdings do not include related full-text subscriptions.  

Anywhere except full text NOFT

NOFT(physical isolation) or NOFT("physical isolation")

Anywhere except full text will search just abstracting and indexing metadata.  In an A&I database like ASSIA, there may be suppressed full-text content that will be eliminated using NOFT. 

All subjects & indexing SU


This search looks at all the fields that are indexed and can include classification, identifier, etc.  To look for exact subject, use MAINSUBJECT (Subject heading, below)

In this example, we took out the word physical to broaden the Subject search.  It can be kept, put in quotation marks or the keyword physical can be added in a different way.



AU(Scogin, F)

Author names will generally be indexed as shown in the original article. The standard format is Last Name, First Name. We do recommend that you use the Author Name Lookup for searches to ensure a comprehensive result set.

Author Affiliation AF


Use to search on additional author information such as institutional affiliation, location of institution, and if provided, the email address of the author can sometimes appear in this field.

Company/Organization ORG

ORG(  )

This is used when an organization is indexed as a subject. 

While you can put the name of any possible organization in this search, it is highly recommended you use the Company/organization Name Lookup.  For example, looking for ORG(UNESCO) will reveal no results.  But using the Lookup for United Nations (begins with) and finding the United Nations Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization will reveal a multitude of possibilities

Country of Publication CP


This field is used to target the country of publication.  There is a Look up for this field. 

Document Title



This search will target results that have your keyword directly in the title.  

Identifier IF


When a database has a keyword/identifier field, this is a way to narrow the search.  They are terms that would mostly used to identify a topic.  While there may be many keywords associated with a topic, identifiers are those that "float to the top".  Narrower than a Subject search.




The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is used to uniquely identify any serial publication worldwide. If known, it can be the quickest and most accurate way to search for records stemming from a particular journal. Not all journals have an ISSN. Hyphens are optional.

Location LOC


This field is when a location operates as a subject as well. A Lookup is available for accuracy in searching.  For example, there are 4 possible indexed location terms for Appalachia.

Person PER

PER(Roosevelt, Franklin)

This field is used when a person is indexed as a subject.  

The standard format is Last Name, First Name. We do recommend that you use the Person Name Lookup for searches to ensure a comprehensive result set.

Publication Title


PUB(A Life in the Day)                                            

This field contains the publication name of a periodical, it displays as part of the source information. This field is word indexed allowing for easy retrieval. You may wish to consult the Look up Publications for a comprehensive list of journal names.

Publisher PB


This field is used to quickly direct the researcher to all publications from a particular publisher.  This is helpful when used in conjunction with other search terms.

You can use a general word, like science or a more specific name of a publisher.

Publisher location PBLOC PBLOC(india)
Resource location/URL RL  
Subject Heading MAINSUBJECT

SU(physical isolation)

This search (in comparison to the All subjects & headings search above) will search only the subject heading and classification code fields.  




The update field consists of an eight digit date in the format YYYYMMDD. The database is updated weekly. The example is March 1, 2018