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Visual History Archive: Sample Searches

Visual History Archive (VHA) Sample Searches

TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes being saved by Oskar Schindler

Rena Finder, interview code 21482

  1. Go to People Search
  2. Enter First Name: Rena; Last Name: Finder, and click ‘Search’
  3. Click box for Rena Finder – Interviewee
  4. Click ‘Next’ at bottom of screen
  5. Click Rena Finder’s image icon or her name
  6. Click on ‘Search in Testimony’ Type ‘Schindler, Oskar’
  7. Select Segment #28

TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes feeling safe because of Oskar Schindler

Helena Jonas Rosenzweig, interview code 23626

  1. Go to Quick Search
  2. Click ‘all words’ and type the following words without punctuation:     schindler jews brunnlitz amon goeth
  3. Click ‘Search’
  4. Filter by ‘English’ and ‘Female’
  5. Scroll to Result #7
  6. Under Helena Jonas Rosenzweig, click on little arrow next to ‘Schindler, Oskar’
  7. Next to ‘Schindler, Oskar’ click Segment #148

TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes painting a mural on a wall in the children’s barracks

Dina Gottliebova Babbit, interview code 46112

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. In the Find Term box, type: ‘Auschwitz,’ select ‘Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Poland: Death Camp)’; click ‘Add’
  3. Then type: ‘children,’ select ‘camp children’ from list of results; click ‘Add’
  4. Then type: ‘cultural,’ select ‘camp cultural activities’ from list of results; click ‘Add’
  5. Under Search Type select ‘And,’ then under Search Options select ‘Narrow’
  6. Click ‘Next’
  7. Choose Result #4, Dina Gottliebova Babbit, and play Segment #48

TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes his escape from forced death march

George Ginsburg, interview code 19596                   

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. In the Find Term box, type: ‘escapes,’ select ‘forced march escapes’ from list of results; click ‘Add’
  3. Then type: ‘Bavaria, ’select ‘Bavaria (Germany: State),’ click ‘Add’
  4. Under Search Type select ‘And,’ then under Search Options select ‘Narrow’
  5. Click ‘Next’
  6. Under Filter select’ English’ and then ‘Male’
  7. Choose Result #4, George Ginsburg, by clicking on the image icon or name
  8. Play Segment #137

TOPIC: Dutch aid provider recounts helping wounded American soldier see Stature of Liberty

Jacobus Van Der Geest, interview code 14857

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. Type ‘first impressions’ into the Find Term bar; select the term and then click ‘Add’
  3. Then type ‘New York’ into Find Term bar
  4. Select New York (New York, USA) term and then click ‘Add’
  5. Under Search Type select ‘And’
  6. From the left filter bar, under Experience Group, select ‘Rescuer and Aid Provider’
  7. Click ‘Next’
  8. Then select Result #2, Jacobus Van Der Geest, and play Segment #227

TOPIC: Survivor of the Nanjing Massacre describes the Japanese invasion of China in 1937

Shuqin Xia, interview code 52121

  1. Click on Experience Groups Search
  2. Click on ‘Nanjing Massacre Survivor (30)’
  3. Click ‘Next’
  4. In the left navigation Filter, select ‘Female’ for gender
  5. Forward to Results #6-10
  6. Click Shuquin Xia’s testimony (Result #6); play Segment #1 and #2
  7. Click on the ‘cc’ icon on the bottom right of video viewing screen to see English subtitles

TOPIC: Rwandan Tutsi survivor recounts being bullied as a child

Kizito Kalima, interview code 52028

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. In the Find Term box, type ‘humiliation,’ click ‘Add’
  3. Then type ‘school anti-Tutsi prejudice’ click ‘Add’
  4. Under Search Type click ‘And,’ then under Search Options select ‘Narrow’
  5. In the left navigation Filter, select ‘English’ for Language, then Gender ‘Male’
  6. Click ‘Next’
  7. Choose Kizito Kalima’s image icon or name and play Segment #36

TOPIC: Rwandan Tutsi survivor describes the death of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and the beginning of the genocide

Live Wesige, interview code 52025

  1. Go to Places Search
  2. Under Locations select ‘Africa,’ then select ‘Rwanda,’ then select ‘Kigali (Rwanda)’
  3. Scroll down and select ‘Kanombe (Kigali, Rwanda : Commune),’ then click ‘Select Location,’ then click ‘Next’
  4. Choose Live Wesige’s image icon or name and play Segment # 67

TOPIC: Armenian survivor describes Ottoman gendarmes breaking into Armenian homes and the killing of men and a man disguising as a boy to save his life.

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. Type: ‘forced marches’ select ‘forced marches’ from list; then click ‘Add’
  3. Type: ‘Malatya’ select ‘Malatya (Turkey)’; then click ‘Add’
  4. Under Search Type select ‘And’
  5. Under Filter select ‘English,’ and then click ‘Next’
  6. Play Samuel Kadorian’s Segment #14

 

Other Content – Social and Political Issues

Because many of the interviews cover events before and after the mass violence event that is the focus, there are other interesting subjects users can research when using the Visual History Archive.  Below are some examples.

TOPIC: Mixed Marriage

Mixed marriages and attitudes about mixed marriages are a subject that cuts across several of the incidents of mass violence including the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, the Armenian Genocide, and the European Holocaust. There are more than 2400 testimonies with relevant content. Related index terms include "Mischlinge 1. Grades", "Mischlinge 2. Grades", "Mischlinge", "Mischlinge" prisoners, attitudes toward mixed marriages, Hutu-Tutsi marriages, and Jewish-gentile marriages.

Ayfer Unsal, interview code 53484

  1. Go to Quick Search
  2. Type in the term “mixed marriages”
  3. Click ‘Search’
  4. Filter by Language:  English
  5. Filter by Experience group Armenian Genocide
  6. Scroll to Segment 16 and click.

TOPIC:  The History of the Soviet Union

The history of the Soviet Union - and the Holocaust in the occupied Soviet Union in particular - is one of largest subjects in the USC Shoah Foundation's Visual History Archive, discussed in over 12,500 interviews that include 7,175 in Russian and 304 in Ukrainian. Between 1995 and 1999, USCSF undertook a major effort to record testimonies in the former Soviet Union—including 3,427 interviews in Ukraine, 677 in Russia, and 246 in Belarus—with interviewees who were often still living in the same location as they had before and during World War II. Other survivors from the former Soviet Union were interviewed in Israel, the United States, Germany, and elsewhere.

There are more than 13,000 interviews that discuss experiences in the Soviet Union.

Attitudes towards Joseph Stalin

Harry Baikowitz, interview code 54591

  1. Go to Quick Search
  2. Type in the term “attitudes towards Joseph Stalin”
  3. Click ‘Search’
  4. Filter by Language:  English
  5. Filter by Male
  6. Scroll to the 4th interview, Harry Baikowitz
  7. Scroll to Segment 20 and click.

Ukranian Famine

The prewar lives of those born in the areas of Ukraine that had been in the USSR and those born in the areas that had been in Poland were substantially different. By the time World War II started, the over 4,500 interviewees born in the Ukrainian Republic of the USSR had already experienced the ravages of collectivization and “dekulakization,” the 1932-33 Famine (discussed in over 700 interviews), massive restrictions on religious life, and the wave of Stalinist political repressions known as the Purge. All of these events are described significantly in the archive’s interviews.

Sonya Perl, interview code 50110

  1. Go to Quick Search
  2. Type in the term “Ukrainian Famine (1932-1933)”
  3. Click ‘Search’
  4. Filter by Language:  English
  5. Filter by Male
  6. Click on the 1st testimony.
  7. Scroll to Segment 20 and click.

TOPIC:  Islamic Identity

Islamic identity is another subject that is in many of the mass violence events (Armenian Genocide, European Holocaust, Contemporary Antisemitism, Central African Republic, and Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda)

Herschel Gluck, interview code 56901

  1. Go to Quick Search
  2. Type in the term “Muslim Communities”
  3. Click ‘Search’
  4. Filter by Language:  English
  5. Click on the 1st testimony.
  6. Scroll to Segment 69 and click. (The concept is also discussed in segments 77 and 88)

TOPIC:  Jews in China

Hongkew was an area designated by Japanese authorities in Shanghai to house stateless Jewish refugees who had arrived in Shanghai from Germany and German-occupied areas of Europe from 1937-1942. The area was established on February 18, 1943. When the Japanese surrendered on September 2, 1945, there were approximately 17,000 Jews living in Shanghai (discussed in more than 400 interviews). The Shanghai ghetto was liberated with the arrival of an American goodwill mission on September 3, 1945.

Ernest Glaser, interview code 53139

  1. Go to Index Search
  2. In the Find Term box, type: ‘Shanghai,’
  3. Select ‘Hongkew (Shanghai, China : Ghetto)’
  4. Click ‘Add’
  5. Click ‘Next’
  6. Choose Result #1, Ernest Glaser, and play Segment #310

Sample searches courtesy of USC Shoah Foundation and ProQuest.