TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes being saved by Oskar Schindler
Rena Finder, interview code 21482
TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes feeling safe because of Oskar Schindler
Helena Jonas Rosenzweig, interview code 23626
TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes painting a mural on a wall in the children’s barracks
Dina Gottliebova Babbit, interview code 46112
TOPIC: Jewish survivor describes his escape from forced death march
George Ginsburg, interview code 19596
TOPIC: Dutch aid provider recounts helping wounded American soldier see Stature of Liberty
Jacobus Van Der Geest, interview code 14857
TOPIC: Survivor of the Nanjing Massacre describes the Japanese invasion of China in 1937
Shuqin Xia, interview code 52121
TOPIC: Rwandan Tutsi survivor recounts being bullied as a child
Kizito Kalima, interview code 52028
TOPIC: Rwandan Tutsi survivor describes the death of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and the beginning of the genocide
Live Wesige, interview code 52025
TOPIC: Armenian survivor describes Ottoman gendarmes breaking into Armenian homes and the killing of men and a man disguising as a boy to save his life.
Other Content – Social and Political Issues
Because many of the interviews cover events before and after the mass violence event that is the focus, there are other interesting subjects users can research when using the Visual History Archive. Below are some examples.
TOPIC: Mixed Marriage
Mixed marriages and attitudes about mixed marriages are a subject that cuts across several of the incidents of mass violence including the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, the Armenian Genocide, and the European Holocaust. There are more than 2400 testimonies with relevant content. Related index terms include "Mischlinge 1. Grades", "Mischlinge 2. Grades", "Mischlinge", "Mischlinge" prisoners, attitudes toward mixed marriages, Hutu-Tutsi marriages, and Jewish-gentile marriages.
Ayfer Unsal, interview code 53484
TOPIC: The History of the Soviet Union
The history of the Soviet Union - and the Holocaust in the occupied Soviet Union in particular - is one of largest subjects in the USC Shoah Foundation's Visual History Archive, discussed in over 12,500 interviews that include 7,175 in Russian and 304 in Ukrainian. Between 1995 and 1999, USCSF undertook a major effort to record testimonies in the former Soviet Union—including 3,427 interviews in Ukraine, 677 in Russia, and 246 in Belarus—with interviewees who were often still living in the same location as they had before and during World War II. Other survivors from the former Soviet Union were interviewed in Israel, the United States, Germany, and elsewhere.
There are more than 13,000 interviews that discuss experiences in the Soviet Union.
Attitudes towards Joseph Stalin
Harry Baikowitz, interview code 54591
The prewar lives of those born in the areas of Ukraine that had been in the USSR and those born in the areas that had been in Poland were substantially different. By the time World War II started, the over 4,500 interviewees born in the Ukrainian Republic of the USSR had already experienced the ravages of collectivization and “dekulakization,” the 1932-33 Famine (discussed in over 700 interviews), massive restrictions on religious life, and the wave of Stalinist political repressions known as the Purge. All of these events are described significantly in the archive’s interviews.
Sonya Perl, interview code 50110
TOPIC: Islamic Identity
Islamic identity is another subject that is in many of the mass violence events (Armenian Genocide, European Holocaust, Contemporary Antisemitism, Central African Republic, and Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda)
Herschel Gluck, interview code 56901
TOPIC: Jews in China
Hongkew was an area designated by Japanese authorities in Shanghai to house stateless Jewish refugees who had arrived in Shanghai from Germany and German-occupied areas of Europe from 1937-1942. The area was established on February 18, 1943. When the Japanese surrendered on September 2, 1945, there were approximately 17,000 Jews living in Shanghai (discussed in more than 400 interviews). The Shanghai ghetto was liberated with the arrival of an American goodwill mission on September 3, 1945.
Ernest Glaser, interview code 53139
Sample searches courtesy of USC Shoah Foundation and ProQuest.