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(Every Voice) Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Purpose of this Guide? 

This research guide is designed to help users find information and resources that will help support courses and curriculum with inclusive and culturally responsive teaching. 

What is Culturally Responsive Teaching?

“Culturally responsive teaching can be defined as using cultural knowledge, prior experiences, frames of reference, and performance styles of ethnically diverse students to make learning encounters more relevant and effective for them. It teaches to and through the strengths of these students. Culturally responsive teaching is the behavioral expression of knowledge, beliefs, and values that recognize the importance of racial and cultural diversity in learning".

 It is contingent on a set of racial and cultural competencies amply summarized by Teel and Obidah (2008) (1).

They include the following:

  • Seeing cultural differences as assets
  • Creating caring learning communities where cultural different individuals and heritages are valued
  • Using cultural knowledge of ethnically diverse cultures, families, and communities to guide curriculum development, classroom climates, instructional strategies, and relationships with students
  • Challenging racial and cultural stereotypes, prejudices, racism, and other forms of intolerance, injustice, and oppression
  • Being change agents for social justice and academic equity
  • Mediating power imbalances in classrooms based on race, culture, ethnicity, and class
  • And accepting cultural responsiveness as endemic to educational effectiveness in all areas of learning for students form all ethnic groups. (2)

(1) Teel, Karen Manheim., and Obidah, Jennifer E. Building Racial and Cultural Competence in the Classroom : Strategies from Urban Educators. New York, NY: Teachers College Press, 2008.

(2) Gay, Geneva. Culturally Responsive Teaching : Theory, Research, and Practice. 2nd ed. Multicultural Education Series (New York, N.Y.). New York: Teachers College, 2010



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